Mahatma Gandhi, the political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian Independence Movement, was born on October 2nd. While not forgetting Google Gandhi, those who have no information about your legendary leader “Who is Mahatma Gandhi?” He started asking questions.
It is the 150th birthday of Gandhi, the political leader of India, who made his name known to the world with active but non-violent resistance against truth and evil. Here is the biography of Mahatma Gandhi…
WHO IS MAHATMA GANDI?
Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was Porbandar’s chief vizier, and his mother, Putlibai, was his father’s fourth wife and a devout Hindu. After studying law in London between 1888-91, Gandhi practiced law in Bombay and Rackot Cities for two years. He also worked as a lawyer in South Africa between 1893 and 1914. Here, he rose to the position of defender of the rights of Indian migrant workers who were exposed to the apartheid regime’s apartheid policies.
Gandhi first practiced peaceful revolt for the civil rights of the Indian community in South Africa. After returning to India from Africa, he organized poor farmers and laborers to protest against oppressive taxation policy and widespread discrimination. Taking the leadership of the Indian National Congress, she conducted nationwide campaigns on poverty reduction, women’s liberation, fraternity between different religions and ethnic groups, an end to caste and immunity discrimination, the country’s economic sufficiency, and most importantly, Swaraj, which is India’s liberation from foreign domination. . Gandhi led his country’s revolt against Britain with the 400km Gandhi Salt March in 1930 against the British salt tax in India.
He is officially declared the Father of the Nation in India and his birthday, October 2, is celebrated as a national holiday called Gandhi Jayanti. On June 15, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously declared 2 October as “World Day of No Violence”.
On January 30, 1948, he was shot and died while taking a night walk in the garden of Birla Bhavan (Birla House) in New Delhi. The assassin, Nathuram Godse, was a Hindu radical and had ties to the extremist Hindu Mahasabha, who argued that Gandhi had weakened India by insisting on paying Pakistan. Godse and his henchman, Narayan Apte, were later tried in court and found guilty. They were executed on November 15, 1949.
Source: https://www.milliyet.com.tr/ Photo: https://www.bizevdeyokuz.com/gandhi/