What is Rugby?

What is Rugby?
Rugby is a team game played between two teams, based on scoring an oval ball, mostly with hands and sometimes feet.

It can be played with 15, 13 or 7 people. It is a contact sport. It is of British origin and is common in England and its colonies.

Main Terms
Try: To touch the ball to the floor of the goal area and it is 5 points.
Conversion: After each try, the ball is used by targeting the goal at a certain distance from the try point. Foot thrown.
Goal: To pass the ball through the “H” shaped goal with the foot. It is 2 points.
Tackle: It is the method of catching the opposing team player who carries the ball by dropping it.
Knock on: To drop the ball forward from the hand.
Penalty: It is the penalty taken by the team of the player who committed the intentional violation. There are several different usage methods according to the team’s request. The ball can be placed on the ground and kicked, the ball can be started by touching the foot or scrum can be made.
Scrum: In order for the game to restart, the players are trying to get the ball by pushing together.

Difference with American Football
These two sports, which are often confused, are actually different from each other. Although both are contact based:

Protection is not used in rugby.

  • In Rugby, the ball may only be thrown backwards or to a level player. There is no such restriction in American football.
  • Tackle (dropping the man with the ball) While it is still illegal in American football, it is very important to have regularity in rugby, and in rugby it is not possible to tackle someone who does not have the ball.
  • While American football can be divided into offensive and defensive teams according to the progress of the game, in rugby, the entire team that has the ball turns to attack and completely defensive when the ball is on the opposite side.

The game of rugby was first played at the Rugby School in Rugby, England, at the beginning of the 19th century. In 1823, William Webb Ellis, who was a student at the school, took the ball and scored while playing football, which is accepted as the foundation of today’s rugby sport. In 1845, at the same school, rugby rules were written down for the first time.

But before that, many countries played rugby-like games. There were examples such as had Ki-o-rahi in New Zealand, marn grook in Australia, kemari in Japan and lelo burti in Georgia.

The Rugby Football Union (RFU) was formed in 1871. With the professionalization in 1892, some clubs began to have a shortage of players. Thereupon, the Northern Rugby Football Union (NRFU) was established. For women, in 1962, the first women’s rugby team was established at Edinburgh University and the first match was played at Toulouse Femina Sports.

Rules of Rugby


  • Each team has 15 players.
  • The match is played in two forty-minute halves. The break is 10 minutes.
  • A yellow card means 10 minutes out of play.


  • Each team has 7 players.
  • Each circuit is 7 minutes, for a total of 14 minutes. There will be a maximum of two minutes between halftime.
  • A yellow card means two minutes out of play. It is much faster than the 15s game.


  • Its field is smaller than 15.
  • For Tackle, both hands must be on the person carrying the ball.
  • It is like a hybrid of 15s and 7s.

Field and Equipment
The normal court must be 100 meters long and 68 meters wide. Each castle must be 5.5 meters wide and at least 16 meters high.

Rugby is a sport without equipment. However, the use of crampons is mandatory to prevent slipping on the grass field.

Ball and the Beginning of the Game
The ball is elliptical and weighs about 400 grams. It is 28-30 cm long, 58-62 cm in circumference. In the birthplace of rugby, the first rugby balls were made by William Gilbert and Richard Lindon.

The game begins when one side hits the ball with their foot. Thus, the ball passes to the opposing team and the player who starts the game has to defend. They keep the ball in their hands until the side with the ball catches the ball, scores or fouls. When they score, the game returns to the starting position, and this time the team that kicked the ball first goes on the attack.

Source: https://10layn.com/

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