What is Electra Complex?
While the term “Electra complex” is often associated with Sigmund Freud, it was actually Carl Jung who coined the term in 1913. The term derives from the Greek myth of Elektra and her brother Orestes, who plotted their mother’s death to avenge their father’s murder.
The Electra complex is a term used to describe the female version of the Oedipus complex. It is a condition associated with girls aged 3 to 6 years who unconsciously become sexually attached to their father and become increasingly hostile towards their mother.
According to Freud, during female psychosexual development, a young girl initially becomes attached to her mother. When she finds out she doesn’t have a penis, she becomes attached to her father and begins to resent her mother, whom she blames for “castration”. This situation causes the girl to become more close to her father. Thus, the first phase of the Electra Complex takes place.
Electra Complex Symptoms
There are various stages and stages of this complex, which generally starts between the ages of 3-6. We can list the observable symptoms as follows:
- Unexplained feelings of hostility towards the mother, blaming her for her failures and problems.
- Fantasies about the disappearance of the mother or what her life would be like without her. Most of the time, these thoughts create discomfort in the patient, causing them to avoid thinking about them.
- Don’t take your father’s side unconditionally when mom and dad fight.
- Don’t always think about your father’s mood. Don’t try to process the happy or sad moments.
- When making an important decision, don’t always think about what your father will think and prefer first.
- Don’t be attracted to mature men at an advanced age. Do not look for father-like characteristics in the partner.
- Feeling sexual urges towards the father and having a broken psychology by regretting it.
During What Period Does the Electra Complex Occur?
The emergence of the Electra Complex occurs during childhood. According to psychologists, the first symptoms begin to appear between the ages of 3 and 6. In the next period, this interest of girls usually dissipates and an ordinary growth period is entered. However, this may not always happen.
The continuation of the complex during adolescence is the situation that causes the emergence of the main problem. Seeing it as a psychological problem begins with the fact that it continues after this period. It continues in adulthood and can cause many problems and negativities in a woman’s life. In short, the Elektra Complex is a problem for women of all ages.
Electra Complex in Adults
Electra Complex, which starts in childhood and is not prevented in adolescence, is a condition that is likely to continue into adulthood. Adult women can also suffer from this complex, consciously or unconsciously. Therefore, it is of great importance to receive psychological support, especially during youth.
During adolescence and adulthood, a person’s body chemistry works more intensely in terms of sexual impulses. Since Freud defines this complex as the sexual desire to be felt towards the father, a woman who has such feelings may experience psychological problems by obsessing too much that what she thinks is wrong.
The biggest signs of this complex in adult women appear in the choice of partner. Women choose their partners from among older men. Not only that, they begin to look for traces of their fathers in their partners. These traces they are looking for may be physical or characteristic features.
How to Bypass the Elektra Complex?
A number of defense mechanisms play a role in the resolution of the Elektra Complex. Conscious memory needs to suppress these desires and desires. It is possible to list the important points for the solution of the complex as follows:
You should definitely seek professional help. Families should not force themselves to solve this problem on their own.
Women should realize that some things that come to their minds during their youth and adulthood are not in their own hands. Feeling guilty can also cause other psychological problems.
The child must be taught that the father is also an ordinary person. Girls with this complex overestimate their fathers in their eyes. Father and daughter, of course, will love each other. However, the father is also an ordinary person and will not exist in his life forever.
Women should adopt a more independent lifestyle. They should avoid being overly dependent and obligated to their families, especially economically.
These are just a few basic tips to at least get you started working on overcoming the complex. If independent efforts are insufficient, it is better to turn to psychologists, rather than try to “cure” deep problems on your own.