What is Anarchism?

Anarchism is a word of French origin.

This word, which has entered our language from French, is also frequently used among the society. Means undirected in Greek.There have been many philosophical currents in the world with different ideas. One of them is anarchism. Although anarchism is heard very often in daily life, its meaning and origin is not a known word.

What is Anarchism?

Anarchism, as its main idea, argues that people can live in a just and harmonious way without a state. In addition, anarchism is a philosophical and political movement that argues that the establishment of a state system on people harms and harms people.

Anarchism has its origins in ancient times. However, this old word emerged ideologically in the 19th century and is still used today. The aim in anarchist thought is to build a way of life in which there is no master or sovereign.

The philosophy of anarchism is based on the understanding of a kind of golden age when people lived freely and equally. This word is a combination of the Greek words arkhe, which means ruler power, king, and government, which indicates deprivation.

Although the word anarchism emerged in the 19th century, it is a word that is used frequently today. The word b, whose origin is French, has settled in our language and is also used in many sentences. For anarchism, which is based on human nature, human is defined as a free, equal, intelligent and good being.

Historical and Intellectual Roots of Anarchism

The tradition of denying political authority in human history has its roots in the Stoics and Cynics of Ancient Greece, the medieval Catharic order, and some Anabaptist groups in the Reformation. But the denial of the state by these communities was only a reflection of their retreat from the material world and taking refuge in the spiritual world.

His first views on an anarchist society were made by Gerrard Winstanley, who in the 1640s published a pamphlet Truth Lifting Up Its Head Above Scandals (1649; Truth Justified From Slander) shortly after the English Civil War. Winstanley argued that power corrupts people, property is incompatible with freedom, and greed for authority and property lies at the root of crimes. Winstanley, who advocated that people can be free and happy in a rulerless society where labor and products are shared and act according to their own conscience, not the laws imposed from above, started the Diggers movement as a pioneer of anarchist activism. Surviving indistinctly in the English Protestant tradition, Winstanley’s principles are the work of William Godwin, a former pastor who left the Anglican Church, in An Inquiry Concerning the Principles of Political Justice and Its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness (1793; Principles of Political Justice and Happiness). He regained strength in his work A Study of General Virtue and Its Effect on Happiness. Reiterating the classic anarchist argument that authority is against nature and that social evils result from people’s unfreedom, Godwin also outlined a decentralized society with small autonomous communities as its core unit. Seeing even majority rule as tyranny, Godwin gave little room to democratic political processes and argued that methods such as voting weakened the individual’s sense of responsibility. It condemned the accumulation of property as the source of power over others, envisioning a loose economic system based solely on needs. According to Godwin, provided that people lead a simple life, technological development would shorten the required working time and facilitate the transition to a society without authority.

References: https://www.hurriyet.com.tr/&Temel Britannica & Turkedebiyati.org
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