The story of Marie Curie Discoverer of Radioactivity

The story of Marie Curie Discoverer of Radioactivity

Discoverer of Radioactivity: Marie Curie… In this article, we tried to answer the question of who is Marie Curie, what she did, what she found, what her work was. Here is the story of Marie Curie:

Marie Curie, French name Maria Sklodowska; She was born on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, the daughter of a secondary school teacher. He received a general education in regional schools and received some science education from his father. He joined a revolutionary organization founded by a student and decided to leave Warsaw.


Later, the part of Poland that came under Russian domination, which was then under Austrian administration, left Krakow. He went to Paris in 1891 and continued his studies at the Sorbonne, where he received his undergraduate education in Physics and Mathematical Sciences. In 1894 she met Pierre Curie, a professor at the Faculty of Physics, and they married the following year. She inherited her husband’s title of Head of the Physics Laboratory at the Sorbonne and earned her doctorate in 1903. After Pierre Curie’s tragic death in 1906, he took over the post of Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Science, and it was the first time a woman had held this position. He was also appointed director of the Curie Laboratory at the Radium Institute of the University of Paris, founded in 1914.

Her early research with her husband was often carried out under difficult conditions. Laboratory facilities were poor, and both had to train often to make a living. Henri Becquerel’s discovery of radioactivity in 1896 inspired the Curies’ brilliant research and analysis; These investigations led to the isolation of polonium and radium, named after the country in which Marie was born. Ms. Curie developed methods of separating sufficient quantities of radium from radioactive residues and allowed detailed studies of the element’s identification and properties; especially in its therapeutic properties…

Curie actively supported the use of radium for pain relief throughout her life, and her daughter Irene, who devoted herself to therapeutic work during World War I, assisted her. He maintained his enthusiasm for science throughout his life and made great efforts to establish a radioactivity laboratory in the city where he was born. In 1929, President of the United States Hoover presented him with a gift of $50,000 donated by American science friends and bought radium to use in his laboratory in Warsaw.

Quiet, dignified, and humble, Marie Curie was highly respected and admired by scientists around the world. He was a member of the Solvay Conference from 1911 until the year of his death, and since 1922 a member of the International Committee for Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations. His work has been recorded in numerous articles in scientific journals. He also has books titled Studies on Radioactive Materials (1904), Isotopy and A Study on Isotopic Elements and Radioactivity (1910).

The importance of Curie’s work is evident in the many awards given. Curie, who won many honorary scientific titles, honorary medical and law titles and honorary membership of scientific societies around the world, was also deemed worthy of Nobel Prizes. She and her husband won the other half of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 for her work on radiation, which Becquerel accidentally discovered, who won half of the prize. In 1911, he won a second Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work in radioactivity. She won the Davy Medal of the Royal Society of London with her husband in 1903; In 1921, the President of the United States, Harding, gave him a gram of radium on behalf of American women for his services to science.

Curie died on July 4, 1934, after a short illness. The life of Marie Curie was transferred to the big screen this year with a movie called Radioactive.


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