Roof of the World: Tibet
What Kind of Place Is Tibet?
When you enter Tibet, an autonomous region of China, you feel like you are in a different world. Traditional Tibetan culture is still very strong in the region, although it is tried to be suppressed by the immigration of Han and Hui Chinese supported by the government.
The Tibetan plateau includes most of Qinghai, western Sichuan Province, northern Yunnan, and southwestern Gansu. For this reason, Tibet is called the “roof of the world”.
There are no regular tours from Turkey to Tibet. It is both costly and time consuming for agencies in Turkey to want to tour Tibet via China. For this reason, it cannot be organized because there is not enough number of participants in general.
Tibet is not a country that everyone can visit because of its difficult geographical conditions. The fact that the capital Lhasa is at an altitude of 3650 meters creates physical difficulties for those who want to participate in the tours. For this reason, if you have the following disorders, you should definitely not join the Tibet tour.
-High blood pressure, Heart problems, Asthma disorders, Cholesterol problems, Excess weight, Excessive alcohol and cigarette consumption
In addition, the body rhythm is constantly changing, as there are trips to different heights during the day. You should drink plenty of water.
The easiest way to reach the region is to go to the capital, Lhasa, by plane via Nepal. Another way to reach Tibet is Istanbul-Beijing-Lhasa. (Istanbul-Beijing and Lhasa with China Airlines) However, this route is not preferred because it takes a long time and is costly. In addition, those who choose this route must also obtain a Chinese visa. Local agencies in Nepal regularly organize Tibetan tours in suitable seasons. Making a tour of Nepal and Tibet together makes it possible to visit geographies that are both economical and not satisfied with the pleasure of watching. The duration of this tour can be a minimum of 15-17 days.
Things to Keep in Mind
Tibetans have been friends of the Turks since the time of the Tibetan Kings.
The name Tibet, which is accepted in all western languages, is taken from Turkish.
The most important cities are the capital Lhasa, Shigatse and Gyantse.
Tibet is 5.5 hours ahead of Turkey in terms of time. The same time zone applies.
It supports GSM operator, Turkcell, Vodafone and Avea lines.
Do not forget to change the Yuan money on you at the end of your trip.
There is no ban on alcohol and smoking.
87% of the population is Buddhist.
Tibetans learned the value of money with the advent of superstitions. Since it will not be possible to learn the real prices in a day or two, it is useful to bargain until the end.
When to go
Tibet’s tourist season is April-May-June. The highest air temperatures are on average 16 degrees in April, 20 degrees in May and 22 degrees in June. Note: In the same region, the temperature varies from one place to another.
There is a visa application for Tibet (Chinese) Turkish citizens. General passport holders are only given visa during the trip. Green passport holders are not allowed to enter. It is not possible to enter Tibet with a visa obtained from the Chinese consulate of the country you are in. Since Tibet has an autonomous visa, you can get this visa through authorized agents from China or Nepal. A group visa is also required. Individual passes are not permitted. If you are alone, they can set up groups of people from various countries to get you a Tibet visa. Provided you travel with them of course.
Places to visit
Lhasa and its environs; Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple, Barkhor Street, Sera Monastery, Norblingka Park, Tibetan Museum and Drepung Monastery.
Lhasa – Kathmandu Road; Yamdrok Lake is one of the 3 great sacred lakes.
Nangartse Town, Gyantse (3rd largest city) Palcho Monastery, Shigatzhe (2nd largest city) East Tibet Route; It has a fascinating atmosphere with its climate, geography and vegetation. You can feel like you are in the Swiss Alps. The best season to visit is between March, April-September, October.
Tibet (Tibetan: བོད་ bod; Chinese: 西藏; pinyin: Xīzàng) is the region in Central Asia that is the homeland of the Tibetan people. It is known as the “Roof of the World” with an average altitude of 4,900 meters. It is bordered by China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and Qinghai to the north, Sichuan to the east, and India, Nepal and Bhutan to the south. Its capital is Lhasa.
State of independence
Main articles: Annexation of Tibet by the People’s Republic of China and Tibetan independence controversy
Supporters of Tibet’s independence claim that Tibet, once an independent kingdom, was occupied by China in 1950. The People’s Republic of China, on the other hand, considers that the region belongs to China historically, and that Tibet emerged only from the political influence of China between 1913-1950. In 1950, China states that it has given political autonomy by taking over this region. While the supporters of Tibet’s independence claim that the culture and riches of the region have been subjected to a “cultural genocide”, the Chinese government argues that these “cultural genocide” claims are untrue.
The Dalai Lama, who started a revolt against the Chinese government in 1959, went to India upon the invitation of the Indian government after the failure of peace. Disputes exist today between China and the Tibetan Government-in-Exile about when Tibet became part of China and the validity of China’s domination of Tibet.
All modern China, including Tibet, is considered part of East Asia. Historically, some European sources considered parts of Tibet to be in Central Asia.
Tibet is west of the Central Chinese Plain and within mainland China, Tibet is considered part of the Chinese: 西部 (Xībù), a term often translated by the Chinese media as “Western division” meaning “Western China”.
Tibet has some of the highest mountains in the world, some of which are in the top ten lists. Located on the border with Nepal, Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world at 884,886 meters (2,903,169 ft). Some major rivers originate in the Tibetan Plateau (mostly in present-day Qinghai Province). These include the Yangtze, Yellow River, Indus River, Mekong, Ganges, Salween and Yarlung Tsangpo River (Brahmaputra River). Located along the Yarlung Tsangpo River, the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon is among the deepest and longest canyons in the world.
Tibet is referred to as the “Water Tower” of Asia, and China invests heavily in water projects in Tibet.
The Indus and Brahmaputra rivers originate in the vicinity of the Mapam Yumco lake near Mount Kailash in western Tibet. The mountain is a sacred pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Tibetans. Hindus consider the mountain as the abode of Lord Shiva. The Tibetan name of Mount Kailash is Khang Rinpoche. Tibet has many high altitude lakes called “tso” or “co” in Tibetan. These include Qinghai Lake, Manasarovar Lake, Namtso, Pangong Tso, Yamdrok Lake, Siling Co, Lhamo La-tso, Lumajangdong Co, Puma Yumco Lake, Paiku Lake, Como Chamling, Rakshastal Lake, Dagze Co, and Dong Co. Qinghai Lake (Koko Nor) is the largest lake in the People’s Republic of China. The atmosphere is extremely dry for nine months of the year, with the average annual snowfall being only 46 cm (18 inches) due to rain shadow effect. The western passes receive a small amount of fresh snow each year, but remains passable all year round. Low temperatures are common in these western regions, where the bleak desolation is not dispelled by any vegetation larger than a low bush, and the wind blows uncontrollably across the vast arid plains. The Indian monsoon has some influence over eastern Tibet. Northern Tibet experiences high temperatures in the summer and intense cold in the winter.
Cultural Tibet consists of several regions. These include Amdo (“A mdo”) in the northeast, which is administratively part of the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu, and Sichuan. The Kham (Khams) in the southeast covers western Sichuan, northern Yunnan, southern Qinghai and the eastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region. Ü-Tsang (dBus gTsang) (Ü in the middle, Tsang in the midwest and Ngari (‘mNga’ ris) in the far west) covered the central and western part of Tibet Autonomous Region. Tibetan cultural influences extend to neighboring states of Bhutan, Nepal, India’s Sikkim, Ladakh, Lahaul, and parts of India such as Spiti, Spiti, Northern Pakistan Baltistan or Balti-yul, as well as designated Tibetan autonomous regions in China’s neighboring provinces. .
Culture in Tibet
In Tibetan Buddhism, also known as ‘lamaism’, la – ma means (superior) and also denotes a kind of rank. Although the beginning of Buddhism in Tibet dates back to the 5th century AD, this belief system spread to the majority of the people with the Tibetan King Srongsten Campo in the 7th century AD. Buddhism is not actually a religion, its basic principles are philosophy and moral teachings, it does not have any concept of god and is essentially a modified form of Brahma belief. Worshiping nature, self-control, and giving importance to moral values form the basis of the Buddhism system. Tibetan Buddhism, according to the grouping of today’s scientists; It is referred to as Northern Buddhism (Vajrayana) and has believers in many countries including Tibet, Mongolia, Bhutan and India.