Information About North Korea

Information About North Korea

North Korea, (Korean: 조선; Choseon or 북조선; Pukchoseon), officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, (KDHC or Korean DHC) (Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國; Chosŏn Minjuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), East A state in Asia on the Korean Peninsula. Its area is 120,540 km².

It is surrounded by Russia and China to the north, the Republic of Korea to the south, the Sea of ​​Japan to the east and the Yellow Sea to the west. Its capital is Pyongyang. The official ideology of the state, led by the Workers’ Party of Korea, is socialism based on Marxist-Leninist and Juchean foundations.

It was founded on September 9, 1948 as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The Japanese occupation between 1910-1945 (Korean Liberation Day) and World War II. After the end of World War II, the north of the Korean Peninsula came under the control of the Soviet Union and the south was under the control of the United States. In 1948, a socialist regime was established in the Soviet-controlled region. However, the USA’s landing in South Korea after these developments created a danger of war. In 1950 the Korean War began. While North Korea received support from the Soviet Union and China, South Korea received arms and financial support from the United States, the United Kingdom and some other NATO states. The war, which caused the death of 1 million 300 thousand people, ended in 1953.

After the death of North Korea’s first leader, Kim Il-sung, in 1994, his son Kim Jong-il began to rule the country. When the 70-year-old leader of the country, Kim Jong-il, died on December 17, 2011, the Workers’ Party of Korea called on the people to gather around Kim Jong-un, the son and heir of the deceased leader.

In the country, which has a planned economic system, the lands are cultivated collectively, industrial enterprises and domestic and foreign trade are also under state control.


About 80 percent of the country’s land consists of mountain ranges and plateaus. The Kema Plateau occupies the northeastern part of the country with an average elevation of 1,000 m. On the northern edge of the plateau, the highest point of the country, Mount Pektu (2,774 m), rises. There is a large crater lake at the top of this mountain, which is a volcanic peak. The Nangim Mountains, which follow the north-south direction, pass through the central part of the country. The Kangnam, Myohyang, Ancin and Myarak mountains, which come out of these mountains and turn towards the southwest, form interconnected ranges. The broad river valleys between these mountains merge with the plains of Pyongyang and Cheryang, bordering the jagged shores.

The country is very rich in minerals. There are coal, lead, tungsten, zinc uranium, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, salt mines that are important for its industry.

Its climate is generally warm. During the summer season, it has a humid season for a short time. In the spring, a heavy drought occurs after a heavy rainfall period. During this heavy rainfall, 2007 was the worst flood in the last 40 years, killing thousands of people.

Forests make up 80% of the country. That is why forestry is widespread. The other part of the country is the steppes.

North Korea already has one of the few closed economies in the world. Although it has important coal mines and rich mineral deposits, the country is unable to meet most of the main basic needs and continues to need international assistance.

In recent years, there has been a serious decrease in agricultural production in the country due to the lack of fertilizers and cold weather, and famine has emerged. International aid organizations state that North Korea should receive 1-1.5 million tons of aid from the international community in order to feed its population of 24 million.

The country’s economy shrank 0.9% in 2009, 0.5% in 2010, and grew 0.5% in 2011. The sanctions of the UN Security Council and the decreasing production are thought to be effective in this recession. According to the Purchasing Power Parity of North Korea, its national income is approximately 40 billion dollars, and its per capita income is 1800 dollars.

With the collapse of the USSR and the disintegration of the Eastern Bloc, North Korea lost its most important trading partners. In particular, during the famine between 1998 and 1999, foreign trade decreased by 40% compared to 1990. Trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea was halved between 1988 and 1992, and oil shipments by sea were interrupted in 1991. Since 2000, there has been a revival in foreign trade.

North Korea’s exports in 2011 amounted to $4.7 billion, while imports amounted to $4 billion.

99.8 percent of the population of North Korea, which shows a very homogeneous structure in terms of ethnicity, is Korean, and the rest is made up of Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese and European minorities. According to the 2009 census, the population of the country was 23,923,118.

Distinction of North Korean population by age:

0-14 years: 21.3% (Male — 2.440.439/Female — 2.376.557)
Ages 15-64: 69.4% (Male — 7.776.889/Female — 7.945.399)
Over 65: 9.4% (Male — 820,504/Female — 1,305,557)

Korean is the official language spoken in North Korea. Unlike the Chinese and Japanese script, the Hangul alphabet, which consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels, was adopted in Korean, which was adopted in 1446. Currently, there are 2 dialects in Korean. These are the Seoul and Pyongyang dialects. The dialect spoken in North Korea is the Pyongyang dialect.

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