Does Music Calm Animals?

Does Music Calm Animals?

English playwright William Congreve wrote in his tragic work The Mourning Bride, written in 1697, “Music contains beauties that soften a wild heart”. But real studies of measuring the way nonhuman animals perform and perceive music were a long way off at the time. Such studies are now called animal musicology. But attempts to test this often-quoted wit at the beginning of the 20th century have revealed that the idea in question is flawed. Popular Science magazine covered such a chapter in July 1921 at the Central Park Zoo in New York City, USA. “The polar bear was bewildered,” and a small, docile fox “was running around in panic.”

The elephant, on the other hand, had stood still without losing his composure. The purpose of this show, as quoted by The New York Times, was “to more or less scientifically measure the effect of jungle music on animals.” (“Jungle music” was a racist epithet for 1920s jazz music, often associated with Black artists and a progressive counterculture.) Emily Doolittle, composer and animal musicologist who specializes in songbirds, says, “There were some sketchy theories about animal songs and music back then. ” says.

From neuroscientists to veterinarians, various experts have been trying to figure out what tunes our furry, furry, and fin friends want (or don’t) want to hear ever since. A research team working at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute, USA, discovered in 1996 that the hearts of the gibbon played the radio began to beat more slowly. A study published in Brain Research in 2004 showed that some rodents who listened to Mozart had a 15 percent reduction in systolic blood pressure. In 2008, when a researcher played the clarinet on a humpback whale, it was found that the whale changed the tune it used in response.

Doolittle notes that songbirds experience an increase in happiness-giving chemicals like dopamine when they chirp at dawn. Animal musicologist and violinist David Teie, whose compositions appeal to cats, monkeys, dogs, horses and (of course) humans, prefers to imitate the sounds animals make when they feel comfortable and safe. For example, the soothing melodies he composed for kittens repeat the heart rhythms of cats and purr tones of mother cats. So what do we call that careless elephant in Central Park in 1921? A violin performance staged at Pairi Daiza Zoo in Belgium in 2015 succeeded in impressing the thick-skinned people who swung their trunks back and forth. But we shouldn’t think that elephants prefer classical music to jazz unless there is more data to support this, according to Doolittle.

Source: popsci.com.tr

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